Prepared by Dick Nelson, Integrated Transport Research

TOD Conceptual Design

Bernick, M., and R. Cervero. Transit Villages in the 21st Century. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1997.

Calthorpe, P. The Next American Metropolis: Ecology, Community, and the American Dream. Princeton Architectural Press, New York, 1993.

Katz, P. The New Urbanism: Toward an Architecture of Community. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1994.

Surveys of Metro Areas With TOD

Babsin, M., et al. Real Estate Trends and Transit-Oriented Development: A Compendium for 21 Metropolitan Regions. Working Paper 688, Institute of Urban and Regional Development, University of California at Berkeley, June 1997.

Porter, D. R. Transit-Focused Development: A Synthesis of Research and Experience. Report No. 20, Transit Cooperative Research Program, TRB, National Research Council, 1997.

Porter, D. R. Transit-Focused Development: A Progress Report. Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 64, No. 4, 1998, pp. 475-488.

General Critiques of New Urbanism and TOD

Berkeley Planning Journal, The New Urbanism: Expanding the Vision for Design Professions -- A Roundtable Discussion, Berkeley Planning Journal, Vol. 9, 1994, pp. 81-108.

Bookout, L. W. Neotraditional Town Planning: Toward a Blending of Design Approaches. Urban Land, August 1992, pp. 14-19.

Dunphy, R. T. Transportation-Oriented Development: Making a Difference? Urban Land, July 1995, pp. 32-48.

Fulton, W. The New Urbanism: Hope or Hype for American Communities? Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, Cambridge, MA, 1996.

Handy, S. Neo-Traditional Development: The Debate. Berkeley Planning Journal, Vol. 6, 1991, pp. 135-144.

TOD Transportation Benefit Analysis

Boarnet, M. G., and S. Sarmiento. Can Land Use Policy Really Affect Travel Behavior? A Study of the Link Between Non-Work Travel and Land-Use Characteristics. Urban Studies, Vol. 35, No. 7, 1998, pp. 1155-1169.

Boarnet, M. G., and N. S. Compin. Transit-Oriented Development in San Diego County: The Incremental Implementation of a Planning Idea. Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 65, No. 1, Winter 1999, pp. 80-94.

Cervero, R., and C. Radisch. Travel Choice in Pedestrian Versus Automobile Oriented Neighborhoods. Transport Policy, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1996, pp. 127-141.

Cervero, R., and K. Kockelman. Travel Demand and the 3Ds: Density, Diversity and Design. Transportation Research, Part D, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1997, pp.199-219.

Crane, R. On Form versus Function: Will the New Urbanism Reduce Traffic, or Increase It?. Journal of Planning Education and Research, Vol. 15, : 117-26.

Crane, R. Cars and Drivers in the New Suburbs: Linking Access to Travel in Neotraditional Planning. Journal of the American Planning Association Vol. 62, No.1, 1996, pp. 51-65.

Crane, R.Travel by Design? Access, Vol. 12, Spring 1998, pp. 2-7.

Crane, R., and R. Crepeau.Does Neighborhood Design Influence Travel?: A Behavioral Analysis of Travel Diary and GIS Data. Transportation Research- D, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1998, pp. 225-38.

Ewing, R., P. Haliyur, and G. W. Page. Getting Around a Traditional City, a Suburban Planned Unit Development, and Everything in Between. In Transportation Research Record 1466, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 1994, pp. 53-62.

Handy, S. Regional Versus Local Accessibility: Neo-Traditional Development and its Implications for Non-work Travel. Built Environment, Vol. 18, No. 4, 1992, pp. 253-267.

Handy, S. Regional Versus Local Accessibility: Implications for Nonwork Travel. In Transportation Research Record 1400, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1993, pp. 58-66.

Handy, Susan. Urban Form and Pedestrian Choices: Study of Austin Neighborhoods. In Transportation Research Record 1552, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1996, pp. 135-144.

Luscher, D. R. The Odds on TODs: Transit-Oriented Development as a Congestion-Reduction Strategy in the San Francisco Bay Area, Berkeley Planning Journal, Vol. 10, 1995, pp. 55-74.

Niles, J., and D. Nelson. Measuring the Success of Transit-Oriented Development: Retail Market Dynamics and Other Key Determinants. Proceedings of the American Planning Association National Planning Conference, Seattle, Washington, April 24-28, 1999.

Thompson, G. L., and I. Audirac. TOD’s Importance to Transit: Transit’s Importance to TOD: Planning Scenarios for Sacramento. Washington, DC: 78th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board. 1999

Other TOD Benefits

Project for Public Spaces. The Role of Transit in Creating Livable Metropolitan Communities. Report No. 22, Transit Cooperative Research Program, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1997.

Retail Structure and the New Economy

Costa, D. L. Less of a Luxury: The Rise of Recreation Since 1888. Working Paper 6054, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc., Cambridge, MA, June 1997.

Fujii, T., and T. A. Hartshorn. The Changing Metropolitan Structure of Atlanta, Georgia: Locations of Functions and Regional Structure in a Multinucleated Urban Area. Urban Geography, Vol. 16, 1995, pp. 680-707.

Howe, D. A., and W. Rabiega. Beyond Strips and Centers: The Ideal Commercial Form. Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 58, No. 2, Spring 1992, pp. 213-219.

Jones, K., and J. Simmons. The Retail Environment, Routledge, New York, 1990.

Morrill, R. The Structure of Shopping in a Metropolis.Urban Geography, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1987, pp. 97-127.

Pilsbury, R. From Hamburger Alley to Hedgerose Heights: Toward a Model of Restaurant Location Dynamics. The Professional Geographer, Vol. 39, No. 3, 1987, pp. 326-344.

Simmons, J., M. Biasiotto, D. Montgomery, M. Robinson, and S. Simmons. Commercial Structure of the Greater Toronto Area, Centre for the Study of Commercial Activity, Ryerson Polytechnic University, Toronto, Canada, 1996.

Retail Structure, Travel, and TOD

Nelson, D. and J. Niles. Market Dynamics and Nonwork Travel Patterns: Obstacles to Transit-Oriented Development? Presented at 78th Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, January 1999, Washington, DC (Forthcoming in Transportation Research Record).

Steiner, R. L. Trip Generation and Parking Requirements in Traditional Shopping Districts. In Transportation Research Record 1617, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1998,. pp. 28-37.

Yim, Y. Shopping Trips and Spatial Distribution of Food Stores. Working Paper No. 125, University of California Transportation Center, Berkeley, 1993.

New Approaches to TOD Planning and Decision-Making

Nelson, D. and J. Niles. A Prerequisite to Planning for Transit-Oriented Development: Understanding Non-Work Activity Location Patterns and Trends. Proceedings of Seventh National Conference on the Application of Transportation Planning Methods, TRB, Boston, March 7-11, 1999.

TOD Design Practice

Puget Sound Regional Council. Creating Transit Station Communities: A Transit-Oriented Development Workbook, Seattle, WA, October 1998.

Urban Land Institute. Transit-Oriented Design, Working Paper 635, June 1994.

Transportation and Urban Form

Cervero, R. and S. Seskin. An Evaluation of the Relationships Between Transit and Urban Form.Transit Cooperative Research Program, Research Results Digest, No. 7, June 1995.

Giuliano, G. The Weakening Transportation-Land Use Connection, Access, No. 6, University of California Transportation Center, Berkeley, Spring 1995, pp. 3-11.

Giuliano, G. Land Use Impacts of Transportation Investments: Highways and Transit, in The Geography of Urban Transportation, S. Hanson, editor, Guilford Press, New York, 1995.

Moore, T, and P. Thorsnes. The Transportation/Land Use Connection: A Framework for Practical Policy, American Planning Association PAS Report 448/449, January 1994.


Brookings Review, Special issue on sprawl, Vol. 16, No. 4, Fall 1998.

Burchell, R. W., et al. The Costs of Sprawl--Revisited. Report 39, Transit Cooperative Research Program, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1998.

Ewing, Reid. Is Los Angeles-Style Sprawl Desirable? Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 63, No. 1, 1997, pp.107-126.

Gordon, P., and H. W. Richardson. Are Compact Cities a Desirable Planning Goal? Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 63, No. 1, 1997, pp. 95-106.

US General Accounting Office. Community Development: Extent of Federal Influence on "Urban Sprawl" is Unclear. GAO/RCED-99-87, April 1999.

Urban Dynamics - Forces Shaping Urban Form

Atkinson, R. The Rise of the Information-Age Metropolis. The Futurist, July-August 1996, pp. 41-46.

Downs, A. New Visions for Metropolitan America. The Brookings Institution and Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, Washington, DC, 1994.

Fannie Mae. National Housing Surveys, 1991-1998, Washington, DC.

Gordon, P., and H. W. Richardson. Beyond Polycentricity: The Dispersed Metropolis, Los Angeles, 1970-1990. Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 62, No. 3, Summer 1996, pp. 289-295.

Niles, J. Beyond Telecommuting: A New Paradigm for the Effect of Telecommunications on Travel. U.S. Department of Energy, DOE/ER-0626, September 1994.

Funding New Transit Starts

Federal Transit Administration. Assessment of Transit Supportive Land Use for New Starts Projects: FY 1999 New Starts Report, November 1998.

Federal Transit Administration. Annual Report on New Starts: Proposed Allocations of Funds for Fiscal Year 2000, April 1999.

Federal Transit Administration. Proposed Rules for Major Capital Investments. Federal Register, April 7, 1999.

Transit Performance and Economics

Dueker, K. J., and M. J. Bianco. Light Rail Transit Impacts in Portland: The First Ten Years, Presented at 78th Annual Meeting, Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC, January 10-14, 1999.

Gomez-Ibanez, J. A. Big-City Transit Ridership, Deficits, and Politics, Journal of the American Planning Association, Vol. 62, No. 1, Winter 1996, pp. 30-50.

Mackett, R. L., and M. Edwards. The Impact of New Urban Public Transport Systems: Will the Expectations Be Met?, Transportation Research-A, Vol. 32, No. 4, 1998, pp. 231-245.

Richmond, J. E. D. New Rail Transit Investments -- A Review, Taubman Center, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, June 1998.

Literature Reviews

Steiner, R.L. Residential Density and Travel Patterns: Review of the Literature, In Transportation Research Record 1466, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, DC, 1994, pp. 37-43.

Andirac, I and G. Thompson. A Literature Review of Transit-Oriented Development: Challenges and Opportunities for Reshaping Urban Development Patterns, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Florida State University, Tallahassee, November 1998.